LE ROTIN DANS LE DESIGN SCANDINAVE

Posted By: Tania Hordum In: Category On: samedi, avril 21, 2018 Comment: 0 Hit: 2132

Rattan is very present in contemporary design , overwhelming and natural material respecting the ecosystem it is as well pliable and resistant, therefore it has been integrated by danish designers to their creation since a while. Between them, Poul Kjaerholm, Nanna Ditzel or Hans J. Wegner used it to create furnitures which are now between danish design icons.

Rattan is quicly adopted by the Danish modernist designers, who contravene precepts more decided than those of the German school of Bahaus, they develop a design ingrained in its roots. They host a deep respect for nature, a taste for natural materials and for organic forms. They produce a functional and sustainable aesthetic design, at the service of the human being above all and which must meet his requirements. Humanist designers aware of having to adapt their ideas and creations to the daily expectations of their future users.

The Danish design which is initially elaborated with the available national materials such as wood, leather, fabric but also the metal deeply appreciated by the designers will quickly integrate the rattan which was in fist instance used for the baskets, beeing resistant, flexible and light in both visual and physical aspects.

Solid rattan, which is very pliable is also used to make solid structures. It allows sculptural, curved and flowing shapes corresponding to the line of organic design. It is a warm and clear material that weaves well with both wood and metal and that like them patina over time. Among these designers are, Hans Wegner, Poul Kjaerholm, Viggo Boesen and Nanna Ditzel who will all work each in their own way over different periods.

                                                               

                                                                       

                                                                       

                                                                         " THE CHAIR ", HANS WEGNER DESIGN, 1949

In 1949 Hans Wegner uses rattan in a rather academic and decorative way to make the seat of the icon chair "The Chair", woven with a delicate and transparent rattan it emphasizes the structure of the chair by bringing depth, lightness and transparency.

Poul Kjaerholm uses it as a raw material, while the entire part of the seat is woven on the structure of PK24 the chaise longue, emphasizing the line of it and its flat metal base. It is enhanced by the interaction of these two materials, thanks to their diametrically opposite appearance, the cold and shiny metal and the the natural hot and mat rattan. The base and the seat being two distinctive entities, linked together in a practical function but nevertheless independent in an aesthetic part pris of Poul Kjaerholm.

                                                            

                                                                    PK24 CHAISE LONGUE, POUL KJAERHOLM DESIGN, 1965

Nanna Ditzel and Vigo Boesen will successively create a series of armchairs and chairs for the Danish manufacturer Sika design, precursor in the manufacture of rattan furniture at the time.

Among the creations of Nanna Ditzel still edited by Sika design, the Nanny Rocking Chair created in 1969 and made of folded Solid Rotin, while volutes and transparency, is the first Rocking chair without base. Previously also creates the hanging chair Egg entirely woven in natural rattan. Its organic and minimalist line in the shape of its name, floats like a sculpture in the space where it is located. Cocoon armchair or shelter within it.

                                          

                               FOX LOUNGE CHAIR, VIGGO BOESEN DESIGN, 1936 NANNY ROCKING CHAIR, DESIGN NANNA DITZEL DESIGN, 1969

 Material that respects the ecosystem, the rattan comes back in strength in the design of furniture and it is more than ever up to date. it is the natural material cozy and reassuring par excellence which can adapt to all the forms and the styles. It has been used by Danish designers, precursors as often, to create timeless pieces, icons in the history of design.

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